Minors: Please be advised of this rules bulletin from our Chief Umpire:
The catcher has a free throw on a "steal" only. In other words, if there are runners at 1st and 2nd base and they attempt a steal, the catcher has a free throw to 2nd or third base. If the ball is overthrown, the runners CANNOT advance to the next base. Now, if there is an overthrow to 2nd or 3rd base and the center fielder or the left fielder throws the ball in and overthrows the ball to the infield....THE RUNNERS CAN NOW ADVANCE AS FAR AS THEY CAN INCLUDING HOME! If there are runners on 1st & 3rd base and the runner on 1st attempts to steal 2nd base and whether there's an overthrow or not, the runner at 3rd base can attempt to go home.
If there is a runner at 3rd base and there is a wild pitch or passed ball, the runner can run from 3rd base in an attempt to score, but, if the runner decides he will be tagged out and decides to return to 3rd base and there is now an overthrow, he can score.
If there are runners on any base and the catcher overthrows the pitcher....runners can advance at their own risk.
If there is a ground ball to the infield and the player overthrows 1st, runners can advance. If the 1st baseman overthrows 2nd runners can still advance etc.
What has to be remembered is the words "LIVE BALL" or "BALL IN PLAY", in turn whether there is a steal or not, the ball is "live" or in play at all times..except: If the pitcher has the ball on the mound and in contact with the pitching rubber, runners cannot advance until the pitch is made and it passes the batter. If the umpire calls time out...the ball is dead and runners cannot advance. If there is an overthrow that goes into "dead ball" territory, play is stopped at that point and runners will be awarded one base. On any interference call the play is automatically dead and runners who advanced must return to the base they started from.